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Bt Brown pictures of Chia Keng Tye gravesite

January 24, 2012

These are the pictures of my paternal grand parents’ (Chia Keng Tye and Lim Tuan Neo) gravesite at Bt Brown.

ckt-ltn

The graves are located at Blk5, numbers 261C and 262C respectively.

Chia Keng Tye – born: 18th May 1888, died: 8th June 1961

Lim Tuan Neo – born: 8th July 1890, died: 11th April 1948

The GPS location of Chia Keng Tye’s gravesite  is

N 01 deg 20.202’    E 103 deg 49.265’    (or in metric, N1.33670 E103.82108)

elevation: 30m

Went down to Bt Brown today (22nd Feb) with cousin Barry and obtained the GPS location, scrubbed/cleaned up the stone and cleared some of the vegetation, in order to obtain the following photos. Compare this first photo with some of the earlier ones which were overgrown with plants and with most of the inscriptions on the grave-stone illegible. (Note: Click on the photos below to obtain an enlarged or magnified view, if required. Otherwise, download and save the image file, in order to view on your computer, without using the browser).

Graves of CKT and LTN

Closeup of Chia Keng Tye’s grave stone is shown in the next photo #01.

The main inscription consists of  9 characters, flanked by “4th month, 25th day” and “Year 50 of the 民 国 Republic of China, 1911”. Therefore, after converting the lunar calendar** and 50+1911 = the date of death, 8th June 1961.

The 9 Chinese characters inscribed vertically on the stone are :-

Xian     (combined with 考 = “late father“)
Kao      

Kang   慶   (name = Keng)

Tai      泰   (name  = Tye)
Xie      谢    Surname = Chia written last, in order to link to “gong” => Sir Xie

Gong  公 Sir

Zhi       the 3rd last character (modern Chinese is 的) is just a possessive article

Jia           佳  = excellent

Cheng      = city (combined together with 佳cemetery or tomb)

On the left panel, the English inscription on the stone reads “In Loving Memory, Chia Keng Tye“.

On the right panel, the English inscription on the stone show the dates of birth and death (as shown above).

photo#01 Chia Keng Tye’s grave after cleaning up

** link to website showing example of lunar calendar conversion for the year 1961

http://www.hko.gov.hk/gts/time/calendar/pdf/1961e.pdf

What are the 2 characters 前宅 flanking the photo on grand-pa’s grave stone (similar also on grand-ma’s, so apparently she was from the same home town) ?

Based on the Chia ancestral village being Tong An 同 安 in Fujian, which is close to Quanzhou (almost on the border). This also follows the modern administrative divisions; in the past Tong An was a county and Xiamen would have been part of it :-

厦门市 (Xiamen City)

同安区 (Tongan District)

大同镇 (Datong Town)

田洋村 (Tianyang Village)

前宅 (Qianzhai) [24.742271,118.137145].

Therefore, the 2 characters  前宅 (Qianzhai) denote the ancestral birthplace in Fujian.

Closeup of Lim Tuan Neo’s grave stone is shown in the following photo #02.

The main inscription consists of  9 characters, flanked by “3rd month, 3rd day” and “Year 37 of the 民 国 Republic of China, 1911″. Therefore, after converting the lunar calendar and 37+1911 = the date of death, 11th April 1948”.

The 9 Chinese characters inscribed vertically on the stone are :-

Xian     late

Bi           mother

Xie        married surname, Chia

Men     (house of)

Ling  林  (Lim = maiden surname)

Shi      氏  (denotes that it is mother’s Family name, above)

Duan  (name= Tuan)

Niang     (name = Neo)

Mu     墓   tomb or grave

On the left panel, the English inscription on the stone reads “In Loving Memory, Lim Tuan Neo“.

On the right panel, the English inscription on the stone show the dates of birth and death (as shown above).

photo #02 Lim Tuan Neo’s grave after cleaning up

The names of Chia Keng Tye and Lim Tuan Neo’s surviving children were found in the center of the 2 adjoining grave stones. Thus, only the names of 2 sons and 3 daughters are shown engraved on the stone. Their other two daughters Amy and Grace had already passed away earlier (in 1911 and 1946 respectively).

Children of CKT and LTN listed on the grave

This inscription was discovered on the right wing tip extremity or right corner of the grave, after Barry and I cleared the vegetation around the grave. Noticed that some of the other graves in the area also had the same thing.

What does it mean and what is its significance?  These 2 mysterious characters are the name of the “God of Earth” (to protect the tomb).

后 土 (pinyin pronunciation= hou tu)

This is found on the extreme right wing or right corner of the grave

Click here to view or download Chia Keng Tye’s Bt Brown details in Microsoft Word Docx format.

Click here to view or download Lim Tuan Neo’s Bt Brown details in Microsoft Word Docx format.

The proposed road misses this grave by less than 50m, and there are only two rows of other graves between this grave and the road to be built thru Bt Brown, as shown in the following series of photos.

1}. The first photo shows the front view of the grave of my grand-parents and the neighbouring grave on its left.

2}. About 50m to the left of my grand-parents’ grave, all these graves are marked for removal.

3}. The wooden stake at the right of this picture indicates the path of the proposed road, and it is about 50m away from the grave of my grand-parents, which is hidden in the undergrowth (towards the left of this picture).

4}. My grand-parents’ grave is about 25m behind the red shrub in the undergrowth, and this red shrub is about 25m from the wooden stake (which is now to the right of this photo, and outside of the frame) seen in the previous photo.

5}. This is a picture of the one grave in between the road and my grand-parents’ grave; seen when entering undergrowth near the red shrub, and walking towards my grand-parents’ grave. The red shrub is actually growing out from the back of this grave.

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